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Food Species in Taiwan & Their Countries of Origin


特有種 - Endemic to Taiwan

本地物種 - Native to Taiwan

外來物種 - Foreign Species

種名 - Species Name

Cultivation in Taiwan

Notes

原產地 - Country of Origin

Agastache rugosa

藿香

Licorice Mint

Limited cultivation, food

China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan 台灣 [1]

Allium cepa

洋蔥

Onion

Commercial

Turkmenistan [1]

Allium sativum

大蒜

Garlic

Commercial

Iran, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Tadzhikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan [1]

Aloe vera

蘆薈

Aloe vera

Limited, ornamental and garden.

Oman [1]

Alpinia galanga

南薑

Greater Galangal

Limited, naturalized. Not invasive.

Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, Jawa, Malaya, Myanmar, Philippines, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam [1]

Alpinia officinarum

高良薑

Lesser Galangal

Limited

China, Myanmar, Vietnam [1]

Alpinia zerumbet

月桃

Shell Ginger

Limited, Native Species

Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Japan, Laos, Malaya, Myanmar, Taiwan 台灣, Thailand, Vietnam [1]

Amomum krervanh

白荳蔻

White Cardamom

Unknown

Cambodia, Indonesia, Thailand, Vietnam [1]

Amomum tsao-ko

黑荳蔻

Black Cardamom

Unknown

China, Laos, Vietnam [1]

Anethum graveolens

蒔蘿

Dill

Algeria, Chad, Cyprus, Gulf States, Iran, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia [1]

Artemisia dracunculus

龍艾

Tarragom

Widely Distributed [1]

Bixa orellana

胭脂樹

Annatto

Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela [1]

Boesenbergia rotunda

凹唇薑

Finger Ginger

Assam, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Malaya, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam [1]

Borago officinalis

琉璃苣

Borage

Algeria, Baleares, Corse, France, Greece, Italy, Libya, Morocco, Portugal, Sardegna, Spain, Tunisia, Yugoslavia [1]

Cajanus cajan

樹豆

Pigeon Pea

India [1]

Capsicum sp.

辣椒, 甜椒, 青椒

Commercial. Naturalized.

The Americas

南美洲,中美洲,北美洲 [1]

Chenopodium formosanum = Chenopodium giganteum

紅藜

Formosa Quinoa

Introduced. Naturalized. Native?

Grown extensively on small scale farms and in gardens.

China, Himalaya, Manchuria, Nepal, Primorye, Tibet [1]

Cinnamomum burmanni

肉桂

Cinnamon, Cassia

Native and introduced germplasm.

Bangladesh, Borneo, China, Indonesia, Jawa, Myanmar, Philippines, Sulawesi, Taiwan 台灣, Vietnam [1]

Cinnamomum loureiroi

肉桂

Saigon Cinnamon

Unknown

Vietnam [1]

Cinnamomum osmophloeum

土肉桂

Sweet Leaf Cinnamon

Limited cultivation, wild harvested

Taiwan 台灣 [1]

Cinnamomum verum

肉桂

Cinnamon

Limited cultivation

Sri Lanka [1]

Citrus hystrix

馬蜂橙葉

Kaffir Lime

Bangladesh,Borneo, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Malaya, Myanmar, New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Is., Sulawesi, Thailand, Vietnam [1]

Clitoria ternatea

蝶豆花

Butterfly Pea

Limited cultivation

Widespread throughout the tropics [1]

Coriandrum sativum

香菜

Cilantro & Coriander

Commercial

Afghanistan, Iran, Lebanon-Syria, Pakistan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Sinai, Transcaucasus, Turkey [1]

孜然

Cumin

Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq [1]

Curcuma longa

薑黃

Turmeric

Commercial. Possibly weakly naturalized.

India [1]

Cymbopogon

檸檬香茅

Lemon Grass

India, Sri Lanka [1]

Daucus carota

紅蘿蔔

Carrot

Commercial

Eurasia and North Western Africa [1]

Dioscorea alata

紫色山藥

Purple Yam

Naturalized, Small scale production.

Introduced.

Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Malaya, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi, Thailand, Vietnam [1]

Eryngium foetidum

刺芹

Culantro

Limited cultivation

南美洲,中美洲

Central and South America [1]

Foeniculum vulgare

茴香

Fennel

Commercial

South Europe, South-West Asia and North Africa [1]

Gardenia jasminoides

梔子

Cape Jasmine

Native species, ornamental

No longer commercially cultivated for food or dye.

Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Japan, Laos, Taiwan 台灣 , Thailand, Vietnam [1]

Glycyrrhiza glabra

甘草

Licorice

Afghanistan, Albania, Bulgaria, China, Cyprus, Greece, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Lebanon-Syria, Mongolia, Pakistan, Palestine, Romania, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Yugoslavia [1]

Graptopetalum paraguayense

石蓮花

Ghost Plant

Mexico [1]

Hibiscus sabdariffa

洛神花

Roselle

Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Nigeria, Sudan, Zaire [1]

Hylocereus polyrhizus

火龍果

Dragon Fruit

French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname [1]

Hyssopus officinalis

神香草

Albania, Algeria, Austria, Belarus, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, France, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Italy, Krym, Morocco, North Caucasus, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, Yugoslavia [1]

Illicium verum

八角

Star Anise

N/A

Native species are poisonous.

China, Vietnam [1]

Kaempferia galanga

沙薑

Galangal

Limited cultivation

Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam [1]

Laurus nobilis

月桂葉

Bay Leaf

Albania, Algeria, Cyprus, France, Greece, Italy, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Morocco, Palestine, Tunisia, Turkey, Yugoslavia [1]

Lavandula angustifolia

薰衣草

Lavender

France, Italy, Spain [1]

Litsea cubeba

馬告 / 山胡椒

Mountain Pepper

Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaya, Myanmar, Nepal, Taiwan 台灣, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam [1]

Lycium barbarum

枸杞

Goji Berry

Limited cultivation

China [1]

Melissa officinalis

香蜂草

Lemon Balm

Albania, Algeria, Bulgaria, Cyprus, France, Greece, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kirgizstan, Lebanon-Syria, Morocco, Palestine, Portugal, Spain, Tadzhikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Yugoslavia [1]

Mentha spicata

绿薄荷

Spearmint

Cultivated

Afghanistan, Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, China, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Lebanon-Syria, Nepal, Netherlands, Norway, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Romania, Sweden, Switzerland, Tibet, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Yugoslavia [1]

[1]

Mentha × piperita

Peppermint

Europe. Hybrid. [1]

Morinda citrifolia

諾麗果

Noni

Cultivated

Andaman Is., Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Malaya, Maldives, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Philippines, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Taiwan 台灣, Thailand, Vietnam, Australia [1]

Moringa oleifera

辣木

Moringa

Limited cultivation.

India, Pakistan [1]

Murraya koenigii

咖哩葉

Curry Leaf

Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam [1]

Myristica fragrans

肉豆蔻

Nutmeg

Maluku [1]

Nepeta cataria

貓薄荷

Catnip

Southern, central adn eastern Europe & west Asia. [1]

Ocimum basilicum

羅勒

Basil

Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Taiwan 台灣, Thailand, Vietnam, Australia [1]

Ocimum tenuiflorum

打拋葉

Holy Basil

Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Philippines, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Taiwan 台灣, Thailand, Vietnam, [1]

Origanum majorana

墨角蘭

Marjoram

Cyprus, Turkey [1]

Origanum vulgare

奧勒岡

Oregano

Europe & Asia (Not Taiwan) [1]

Oryza sativa L.

Rice

Commercial

Exact origins are debated, but likely introduced to Taiwan many years ago. Note there are numerous species with many more varieties which are widely distributed.

China [1]

Passiflora edulis

百香果

Passion Fruit

Argentina Northeast, Brazil, Paraguay [1]

Perilla frutescens

紫蘇

Perilla

Bangladesh, China, India, Japan, Indonesia, Korea, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Taiwan 台灣, Thailand, Vietnam [1]

Persicaria odorata

叻沙葉

Laksa Leaf

Cambodia, Laos, Malaya, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam [1]

Petroselinum crispum

香芹 / 巴西利

Parsley

Greece, Yugoslavia [1]

Physalis peruviana

海角鵝莓

Cape Gooseberry

Bolivia, Brazil [1]

Piper longum

長胡椒

Long Pepper

Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam [1]

Piper nigrum

胡椒

Pepper

India [1]

Psidium guajava

番石榴

Guava

Central and South America [1]

Rosmarinus officinalis

迷迭香

Rosemarry

Albania, Algeria, Baleares, Cyprus, Egypt, France, Greece, Italy, Libya, Morocco, Portugal, Spain, Turkey, Yugoslavia [1]

Salvia officinalis

鼠尾草

Sage

Albania, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, Yugoslavia [1]

Sinapis alba

白芥子

White Mustard

Europe & Asia (Not Taiwan) [1]

Solanum melongena

茄子

Eggplant

China, Laos, Malaya, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam [1]

Solanum lycopersicum

番茄

Tomato

Peru [1]

Stevia rebaudiana

甜菊

Stevia

Brazil, Paraguay [1]

Synsepalum dulcificum

神秘果

Miracle Fruit

Benin, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Zaire [1]

Syzygium aromaticum

丁香

Cloves

Maluku [1]

Thymus vulgaris

百里香

Thyme

Baleares, France, Italy, Spain [1]

Toona sinensis

香椿

Chinese Toon

Borneo, China, Indonesia, Laos, Malaya, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam [1]

Tropaeolum majus

金蓮花

Nasturtium

Peru [1]

Zanthoxylum ailanthoides

刺蔥

Japanese Prickly Ash

China, Japan, Korea, Philippines, Taiwan 台灣 [1]

Zingiber officinale

Ginger

Assam, China, East Himalaya, India [1]

Referrences

[1] Plants of the World Online (Kew) - http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/

[2] Flora of Taiwan, 2nd Edition


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